Materials, Mechanics, and Structural Engineering

Theme: Materials, Mechanics, and Structure Engineering

This theme spans all areas of energy production and transfer, material design, fabrication, as well as the vast area of system design and control. A survey of our faculty’s current research projects is a voyage through a world complex enough to include robotics, miniaturization, automated manufacturing, automated highway systems, biomaterials, computer mechanics, improved efficiency internal combustion engines, and the dynamics and control of both ground vehicles and aircraft.

Mechanical, Materials, and Structure Engineering Engineering Microcourses

E247: An Introduction to Aerodynamics

This mini-course aims at providing basics of Aerodynamics for students and professionals who are considering Aerospace industry as a university major, a job target, or for those who are aircraft enthusiasts. A basic knowledge of mathematics (undergraduate level) is recommended for students to follow everything discussed in the course, but even without that the audience should be able to follow most of the course. Several in-class experiments will be conducted, and concepts are discussed with the help of videos of real-life scenarios, incidents and controlled-experiments.

E242: Introduction to Composite Materials

Imagine a material that can offer mechanical properties competitive with aluminum and steel but are at fractions of their weight – a type of material with that capability are composites. Composite materials are used for many applications such as aircraft structures, biomedical devices, racing car bodies, and many others for their capability of possessing more balanced properties (stronger, tougher, lighter, etc.) when compared to traditional materials. In this class, students will delve into the theory to design composite structures, processing techniques to manufacture them, and structural testing methods for validation. Starting from traditional fiber-reinforced composite materials, this course will also bring in new concepts such as nanocomposites and bioinspired composites.

E244A: Mechanical Behavior of Engineering Materials

The main goal is to provide students with a basic understanding of linear and nonlinear elastic behavior, deformation under multiaxial loading, plastic deformation and yield criteria, strain hardening, strengthening mechanisms, stress concentration effects, fracture mechanisms, brittle and ductile fracture, and low-cycle/high-cycle fatigue. This course will cover failure by plastic deformation, fracture, fatigue, and environmental factors. Specific topics include engineering material characteristics, heat treatment, dislocations/defects, structure-property relations, multiaxial loading, yield criteria, strengthening processes, stress concentration effects on fracture and fatigue life, ductile versus brittle fracture.

E244B: Advanced Mechanical Behavior of Engineering Materials

The course will provide an in-depth coverage of plasticity, fatigue, and fracture of engineering materials and hands-on with solving pertinent problems in the form of example cases.

E246C: Contact Mechanics

The course includes both analytical and numerical approaches in contact mechanics of both macroscopically smooth and microscopically rough surfaces and examines elastic and elastic-plastic deformation, adhesion, fracture, frictional heating, and electrical conduction of contact-mode devices found in various engineering applications. The main objective of the course is to provide participants with a solid background of contact problems encountered in various engineering fields and suitable solution strategies for enhancing the performance and increasing the longevity of thermo-electro-mechanical systems and biodevices with contact components and/or contact interfaces.

E246B: Surface Engineering

This course is concerned with interacting surfaces in relative motion under various settings, including traditional engineering (e.g., bearings, gears, guideways, metal forming and machining), microelectronics (e.g., MEMS devices), and biotechnology (e.g., implantable components, such as total joint replacements, stents, and intra-vessel catheterization procedures). The interactions occurring at contact interfaces control the friction and wear behavior of solid surfaces and, ultimately, the overall performance and efficiency of bio-electromechanical components.

E240: The Essentials of Mechanics of Physical Systems-A Primer

As we are entering the golden age of industrial design, simulation, robotics and manufacturing, a deep and crystal-clear understanding of the topics of statics, strength of materials and dynamics is needed more than ever. This primer is a condensed synopsis of statics, strength of materials and dynamics, and is designed to augment (not replace) the large array of courses on the subject. This primer does not contain homework problems. This primer has one simple purpose, to provide the essentials, and is meant as a supplement to the usual courses in this area.

E241A: Introduction to structural materials I

This course takes the students from atomic arrangements, thermodynamic assessment of materials to microstructure. The students will learn crystal structure, grain structure, texture, defects. The main focus is on steel metallurgy and steel classification while an introduction to ceramics are provided. Basic introduction in materials characterization is provided to give the students the background necessary to distinguish different materials in use.

E241B: Introduction to structural materials II

This class builds upon the first class and expands towards diffusion, phase diagrams, phase transformation, solidification, and alloy systems. Examples include steels, aluminum and titanium alloys. Furthermore, composite materials and ceramics are featured for high performance applications.

E249: Machining

The final shape of any high precision component is often given by machining processes. Understanding the details about various machining processes is key to generate precise high-quality metal components. While machining is a cutting process this section will also featuring joining processes such as welding and brazing introducing the students to the materials changes associated with these processes. This class ends with state-of-the-art laser machining and which becomes of increasing relevance today.

E244C: Mechanical properties and fracture of materials

This class will cover the response of materials to stresses and strains. Basic mechanics coupled with material science will lead the student to understand why and how materials fail. Tensile/compression, fatigue, creep, ageing, dynamic strain ageing and of course linear elastic fracture mechanics are discussed. Students will learn how to judge different failure modes based on fracture surfaces and deformations.

E248A: Metal Forming

This course starts at the raw material introduces students into casting and casting failures as well as continues casting as a process while covering potential materials challenges. It expands to forging, rolling, drawing and forming process while covering the materials property changes associated with these processes.

E248B: Metal refining

This course teaches the materials flow from ore to raw material. For steel processing the students will be introduced to blast furnaces, LD processes and direct reduction. For Aluminum the students will be introduced into the Bayer process and the Hall-Heroult process while for Copper oxidation of sulfidic ores and subsequent reductions and electrolytic processes are introduced. Basic chemical and physical concepts are taught to ensure that the students can perform the necessary energy balance calculations.

E243: Powder Metallurgy

Powder metallurgy becomes increasingly important especially for high-quality high-performance materials. Powder manufacturing and handling is one of the bottlenecks of modern additive manufacturing. This class introduces powder metallurgy and related products the basic physical principals and moves to modern 3D printing and additive manufacturing for near net shaped components.

E246A: Introduction to Surfaces

Surfaces play a fundamental role in the area of chemical, electrochemical materials, and nanoscience. This course covers the thermodynamics of surfaces and phase boundaries, surface tension of solids and liquids, surface activity, absorption, phase equilibria, and contact angles, electrochemical double layers at interfaces, theory.

E245B: Earthquake Engineering

After a brief review of the fundamentals of earthquake engineering, this course will focus on recent developments in defining seismic hazard and recent advances in earthquake engineering analysis methods. This will include analysis methods defined in current standards, as well as recent developments in that are still in the process of being translated to practice.

E245A: Resilient Structural Systems to Natural Hazard

This course emphasizes the background, theory, analysis, assessment, and design frameworks and engineering tools to achieve resiliency of smart structural systems. We focus on use of sensors, structural analyses, experimental methods, and probabilistic modeling and structural health monitoring using artificial intelligence tools. The concepts are holistically integrated towards a paradigm of resilient design engineering of sustainable critical infrastructure systems subjected to extreme and service conditions. Course topics cover a large variety of numerical methods, experimental methods, combination of numerical and experimental methods (hybrid simulation), structural health monitoring, structural reliability, decision making under uncertainty and deep learning. The course will empower the participants with the general multipurpose trans-disciplinary knowledge, background and tools needed for successful assessment and design of resilient structural and infrastructural systems in the face of natural hazards and extreme events.

E245C: Structural Fire Engineering

This course is focused on the design and assessment of structures subjected to fire. The course material emphasizes a 3-phase approach to structural-fire engineering: (1) fire modeling, (2) heat transfer modeling, and (3) structural modeling. Students will become familiar with both current prescriptive approaches to structural-fire engineering and emerging performance-based design approaches. Students will be able to appreciate several important topics related to performance of structures under the effect of fires. Topics are: 1) Model & simulate combustion & heat release for indoor & outdoor fires, 2) Perform heat transfer analysis for conduction, convection & radiation to calculate exposed structural elements temperature, 3) Develop material response for steel & concrete structural elements to fire, 4) Calculate mechanical response of structural elements & assemblies exposed to fire during expansion & weakening due to increasing temperatures, 5) Implement design approaches to mitigate the effects of fire on a structure, and 6) Understand current codes, standards & emerging technologies in structural fire engineering.