E248B: Metal refining

This course teaches the materials flow from ore to raw material. For steel processing the students will be introduced to blast furnaces, LD processes and direct reduction. For Aluminum the students will be introduced into the Bayer process and the Hall-Heroult process while for Copper oxidation of sulfidic ores and subsequent reductions and electrolytic processes are introduced. Basic chemical and physical concepts are taught to ensure that the students can perform the necessary energy balance calculations.